Toy Poodle Health

Common Health Issues for Toy Poodles

Toy poodles are generally a healthy breed. The breeders of Toy Poodles are very careful, and because of their wisdom, generally puppies are healthy.

There are certain health conditions that toy poodles are also prone to. Not all poodles will contract these diseases, but it is important that you know the problems that a toy poodle can experience.


A study was carried in between 1964 to 2003 that revealed that almost 10% of Toy poodles suffer from cataracts. This study strongly suggests that cataract is a genetic disease in toy poodles.

A cataract is defined as the clouding in the lens of a dog’s eye. Opacity generally leads to blurred vision in dogs. The dog suffering from cataracts is regularly checked because the thicker or denser cataract will lead to blindness.

Progressive Renal Atrophy

It is a degenerative condition in poodles that caused the retina in the back of the eye to gradually degenerate. This disease eventually causes blindness in the poodles.

Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) is a group of genetic diseases seen in toy poodles. The defective gene causing this disease has been found and can be identified by a simple and easy DNA test.

When buying a toy poodle, always demand a breeder’s certificate of health of both parents. It will help you know that the breeding dog does not have a faulty gene that causes progressive retinal atrophy.

Patella Luxation

This condition is common in toy poodles. It is a malformation of the knee joint in which the patella is displaced from its normal position, which is the groove of the femur.

It is the most common cause of lameness in toy poodles. It is a genetic birth defect, but it can also occur in adulthood due to injury.

Before buying a puppy, you can ask the breeder about the parents and the history of Patella Luxation.

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Cushing Disease

The condition associated with an excess of cortisol is medically referred to as hyperadrenocorticism, or Cushing’s disease, and it is one of the most common endocrine disorders that affect dogs.

If the condition occurs due to a problem with the pituitary gland, then it is called pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism.

The dog affected with Cushing disease shows signs of increased thirst, urination, hunger, and panting. Other signs include a potbelly, loss of hair, infertility, and hard scaly patches on the skin.

Diagnosis is made based on blood chemistry profile, complete blood count, fecal examination, and urine analysis. The most common test used to diagnose Cushing disease is a low dose dexamethasone suppression test.

For more information on toy poodle health check out our blog Common Health Problems in Toy Poodles.  If you want a genetic disease-free toy poodle puppy, then you should purchase a puppy from a reputable breeder and verify the parent’s health certificate and history. Dont forget to check for more information.

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